Open Educational Resources (OER)

The term Open Educational Resource is coined by UNESCO in 2002 (D’Antoni, 2008)** and it refers to “teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials or techniques used to support access to knowledge” ” (Atkinks, Brown, Hammond, 2007)**.

Types of materials that is included:

  • Text documents such as books, essays, textbooks, book chapters and research papers.
  • Images, illustrations, graphics and photos.
  • Audiovisual materials, such as interactive multimedia, conferences, classes extracts.
  • Software, such as desktop applications.

provides a directory that contains reference to those resources and that have been suggested by the educational community. Each resource is shown in an electronic card, which describes its characteristics such as educational level, a brief summary of the action language, author, date created, etc.

** D’Antoni, Susan (2008), Open educational resources: the way forward: Deliberations of an international community of interest, Document produced with support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. UNESCO Brasilia 1.60.1 2008 OPE ENG - UIL Hamburg 371.4 Da - IIEP Paris.

** Atkins, D; Brown, J; Hammond, A (2007). Report to The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (February 2007); pp.4,